We’ve been building our underwater housings from 2″ Formufit Table Screw Caps since 2015. Those housings have proven robust on multi year deployments to 50m. While that’s a respectable record for DIY kit, we probably over-shot the mark for the kind of surface & shallow water environments that typical logger builders are aiming for.
The additional RTC & SD power control steps that we’ve added to the basic ‘logger stack’ since 2017 are now bringing typical sleep currents below 25μA. So the extra batteries our original ‘long-tube’ design can accommodate are rarely needed. (described in Fig. A1 ‘Exploded view’ at the end of the Sensors paper) In fact, pressure sensors often expire before power runs out on even a single set of 2xAA lithium cells.
This raises the possibility of reducing the overall size of the housing, while addressing the problem that some were having drilling out the slip ring in that design. Any time I can reduce the amount of solvent welding is an improvement, as those chemicals are nasty:
(click to enlarge)
The only real challenge in this build is solvent welding the pass through ports. In the 2017 build video we describe connectors with pigtails epoxied to the housing. But you don’t necessarily need that level of hardening for shallow / surface deployments. The potted sensor connections shown in the video (& our connectors tutorial) can be threaded directly to the logger body via 1/2 threaded NTP male plugs.
Note: Position the NPT risers on the caps directly opposite the bolt struts, and as near to the edges of the cap as you can so that there is enough separation distance to spin the lock down nuts on your sensor dongles. In the photos below I had the pass-through in line with the struts, but with long bolts this may limit your finger room when tightening the sensor cable swivel nuts. These direct-to-housing connections do make the unit somewhat more vulnerable to failures at the cone washer, or cuts in the PUR insulating jacket of the sensor dongle.
It’s also worth noting that there are situations where it’s a good idea to have another connector to break the line between the sensor and the logger. (shown in 2017) We often mount rain gauges on top of buildings with 10-20m of cable – so we aren’t going to haul the whole thing in just to service the logger. But on-hull connections like the ones shown with this new housing necessarily open the body cavity to moisture when you disconnect a sensor, and nothing makes a tropical rainstorm more likely to occur during fieldwork than disconnecting the loggers that were supposed to be measuring rainfall.
With a double o-ring and additional seal(s) in the cap, we probably won’t be deploying this new design past ~10m. Given how quickly they can be made, this short body will be a standard for the next few years; perhaps by then those fancy resin printers will be cheap enough for regular DIY builders to start using them – at least for shallow water work. For now we’ll continue with the long body style for deeper deployments or remote locations that we might not get to again for a long time.
In general I’d say these ‘plumbing part’ housings reach their long term deployment limit at about ~60m because the the flat end caps starts blowing noticeably at that depth. That overlaps nicely with the limit of standard sport diving, but if your research needs more depth it’s worth looking into the aluminum body tubes/endcaps becoming available in the ROV market. As an example: Blue robotics makes some interesting enclosures if you need clear acrylic endcaps for camera based work.